Bunjevci

Article

January 21, 2022

Bunjevci is an ethnic group inhabited mainly in Bačka, around Subotica, then in Baranja, Banat, and Hungary (in Csongrád and Pest counties). According to the 2011 census, there were a total of 16,706 of them on the territory of Serbia, which was 0.23% of the total population of the country. According to estimates, in the municipality of Subotica among Bunjevci, in the same year there were 7,240 people or 46.58% who did not use Bunjevac as their mother tongue, and in the municipality of Sombor there were about 1,671 or 81.19% of such cases. The population of Bunjevac, in their traditional homeland, shows a long-term declining trend (from 70.5 thousand in 1910, their number dropped to 40.1% of that population in 2002; part of this Bunjevac population from 1910, in the past century it was included in the Croatian national community in Vojvodina and Hungary). The Hungarian National Assembly rejected the request of the Bunjevci to be recognized as a national minority, primarily based on the Hungarian Academy of Sciences' view that Bunjevci is an ethnic group of Croats, as well as the Croatian National Council's objection , the objection itself was rejected as there were a sufficient number of signatures submitted to the State Voting Board).

Origin

There are many theories about the origin of the Bunjevci. Vuk Karadžić made the assumption that the Bunjevci are named after the Herzegovinian river Buna, from which they moved to Bačka. It is certainly known about the Bunjevci that they came to Bačka as Catholics, accompanied by Catholic monks, and besides that, in all military documents at the time, they were called Catholic Serbs. They moved from the territory around Svilaja and Dinara, first to Lika and Slavonia, and then to the territories where they still live today. The past and origin of the Bunjevci is unknown, so to speak, for themselves and the rest of the world reliable data, which would provide credible clarifications in this regard. Hungarian writers, who have written more about the customs and clothes of the Bunjevci than about their history, still mention that they are from Herzegovina. It is probable that Bunjevci together with Šokci belong to the group of South Slavs who have lived in today's Bosnia, Herzegovina and Dalmatia since the 6th or 7th century. Amateur historian Petar Pekić in his book "History of Croats in Vojvodina"

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