Warsaw

Article

May 21, 2022

Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa) is a city in central Poland, since 1596 it has been the capital of Poland, and also an important scientific, cultural and political center. Warsaw is the center of parliament, presidents and central government. Warsaw is the largest city in Poland. It is also the center of the Masovian Voivodeship.

Geography

Position

Warsaw is located in the middle part of the Vistula in the Middle Mazovia lowlands. Its average altitude is about 100 m. On the terrain of the city there are several mostly artificially made elevations. The city is located on both sides of the Vistula. Warsaw is about 350 km away from the Carpathians and the Baltic Sea.

Climate

Warsaw's climate is humid continental. The average annual temperature oscillates around 8 ° C (-3 ° C in January and 19 ° C in July). The annual amount of precipitation does not exceed 680 mm, and the wettest month of the year is July.

History

The most important events

Warsaw has gone through various dramatic moments throughout history. The city was destroyed several times by the invaders. The most important historical events are: Moving the capital to Warsaw The invasion of the Swedes Kosciuszko's uprising November and January Uprising World War I and Poland's independence World War II and the Warsaw Uprising construction after destruction in World War II

Population

As of September 30, 2003, there were 1,689,648 people living in Warsaw, of which 908,814 were women and 780,834 men. In special parts of the city the number of inhabitants was: Mokotów - 231,552 Southern Prague (Praga Południe) - 187,845 Vola - 146,328 Ursynów - 137,716 Bielany - 137,270 Srudmiesce (Śródmieście) - 136,956 Targówek - 123,232 Bemowo - 105,030 Ochota - 93,192 Northern Prague (Prague Północ) - 74,304 Białołęka - 64,010 Wawer - 63,297 Żoliborz - 50,934 Ursus (Ursus) - 44,312 Vlohi - 39,405 Rembertów - 21,751 Vesola (Wesoła) - 18,482 Wilanów - 14,032The densest population is in Srudmiesc (8772 people / km²), and the lowest - Wilanów (355 people / km²). The average for the whole city is 3258 people / km².

Today 's Warsaw

Self-government

Along with the transformation of the system, Warsaw's self-government is returning. After many public debates on May 18, 1990, the parliament adopted a decree on the social organization of Warsaw. On May 27, in the democratic elections, the citizens of Warsaw elected their representatives