Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa) is a city in central Poland, since 1596 it has been the capital of Poland, and also an important scientific, cultural and political center. Warsaw is the center of parliament, presidents and central government. Warsaw is the largest city in Poland. It is also the center of the Masovian Voivodeship.
Warsaw is located in the middle part of the Vistula in the Middle Mazovia lowlands. Its average altitude is about 100 m. On the terrain of the city there are several mostly artificially made elevations. The city is located on both sides of the Vistula. Warsaw is about 350 km away from the Carpathians and the Baltic Sea.
Warsaw's climate is humid continental. The average annual temperature oscillates around 8 ° C (-3 ° C in January and 19 ° C in July). The annual amount of precipitation does not exceed 680 mm, and the wettest month of the year is July.
The most important events
Warsaw has gone through various dramatic moments throughout history. The city was destroyed several times by the invaders. The most important historical events are:
Moving the capital to Warsaw
The invasion of the Swedes
November and January Uprising
World War I and Poland's independence
World War II and the Warsaw Uprising
construction after destruction in World War II
As of September 30, 2003, there were 1,689,648 people living in Warsaw, of which 908,814 were women and 780,834 men. In special parts of the city the number of inhabitants was:
Mokotów - 231,552
Southern Prague (Praga Południe) - 187,845
Vola - 146,328
Ursynów - 137,716
Bielany - 137,270
Srudmiesce (Śródmieście) - 136,956
Targówek - 123,232
Bemowo - 105,030
Ochota - 93,192
Northern Prague (Prague Północ) - 74,304
Białołęka - 64,010
Wawer - 63,297
Żoliborz - 50,934
Ursus (Ursus) - 44,312
Vlohi - 39,405
Rembertów - 21,751
Vesola (Wesoła) - 18,482
Wilanów - 14,032The densest population is in Srudmiesc (8772 people / km²), and the lowest - Wilanów (355 people / km²). The average for the whole city is 3258 people / km².
Today 's Warsaw
Along with the transformation of the system, Warsaw's self-government is returning. After many public debates on May 18, 1990, the parliament adopted a decree on the social organization of Warsaw. On May 27, in the democratic elections, the citizens of Warsaw elected their representatives