The Great National Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs in Banat, Bačka and Baranja

Article

November 30, 2021

The Great National Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs in Banat, Bačka and Baranja was an assembly held in Novi Sad on November 25, 1918, which proclaimed the annexation of Banat, Bačka and Baranja to the Kingdom of Serbia.

End of the Great War (1914—1918)

After the capitulation of the German Empire in the First World War (1918), a series of mass agreements began, which were reached in the next 5 years. Each agreement was intended for a specific country on the side of the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria). Immediately after the agreements related to Germany, it was the turn of Austria-Hungary. The forthcoming agreements implied the division of Austria-Hungary into several states and self-governing areas (Austria, Hungary, the State of SCS, Vojvodina, Srem, Transylvania ...). When the peace negotiations ended, the Kingdom of Serbia started to carry out an offensive in the then Vojvodina and began the occupation. However, the inhabitants of almost all settlements experienced the Serbian army as liberators and Serbian soldiers did not use any form of violence while proudly marching to the largest cities in the region. After the liberation of Backa and Baranja and the division of Vojvodina (in the lower part of the text), the so-called Great National Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs was formed in Banat, Backa and Baranja, which will take control over these areas.

Convening an assembly

After the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy in October 1918, the regions of Banat, Bačka and Baranja were occupied by the army of the Kingdom of Serbia. The de facto administration of these areas was taken over by local Vojvodina Serbs, and the Serbian People's Committee from Novi Sad was at the head of this administration. On November 25, 1918, the Great National Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs was convened in Banat, Bačka and Baranja, which proclaimed the annexation of these regions to the Kingdom of Serbia (there were a total of 757 delegates at the assembly, of which 578 Serbs, 84 Bunjevci , 62 Slovaks, 21 Rusyns, 6, Germans, 3 Shocks, 2 Croats and 1 Hungarian), and on December 1, 1918, the Kingdom of Serbia united with the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes . The assembly was held in Novi Sad, in the hotel "Grand Hotel Meyer" (today's building of Vojvodjanska banka), and among the delegates were seven women.

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