Winston Churchill


January 27, 2022

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (Woodstock, 30 November 1874 - 24 January 1965) was a British politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for two terms from 1940 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1955. . years. Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a non-academic historian, writer and painter. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953 for his works, which he wrote throughout his life. He is the first of only eight people to become honorary citizens of the United States. Churchill was born into the aristocratic family of the Duke of Molborough, a branch of the Spencer family. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a charismatic politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; his mother, Jenny Jerome, was an American from a higher society. As a young army officer, Churchill fought in British India, Sudan and the Second Boer War. He became famous as a war correspondent and writer of books about his military actions. In fifty years on the high political scene, Churchill has held numerous political and ministerial positions. Prior to World War I, he served as chairman of the Committee on Trade, Minister of the Interior, and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of Axvit's Liberal Government. During the war, he was the first lord of the Admiralty until the catastrophic Gallipoli operation, which caused his departure from the government. He then briefly continued his active military service on the Western Front as commander of the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scottish Fishermen. He returned to the government as Minister of Ammunition, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for Aviation. From 1921 to 1922, Churchill was Secretary of State for the Colonies, then Chancellor of the Exchequer in Baldwin's Conservative Government 1924-1929. As Chancellor of the Exchequer he made a controversial move by returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard in its pre-war parity, which many see as creating deflationary pressure on the UK economy. His opposition to increasing self - government for India and opposing the abdication of Edward VIII in 1936 were also controversial moves. Out of office and in the political "wilderness" during the 1930s, Churchill was a leader in warning of the dangers of Nazi Germany and an advocate of a rearmament campaign. At the beginning of World War II, bi

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