Gamal Abdel Nasser

Article

July 5, 2022

Gamal Abdel Nasser (Arabic: جمال عبد الناصر Gamāl ʿAbd an-Nāsir; Alexandria, January 15, 1918 - Cairo, September 28, 1970) was an Egyptian soldier and president. He was born in Alexandria and graduated from the Royal Military Academy in 1918. He was an officer in the Egyptian army. His political rise began in July 1952 with a military coup that overthrew King Farouk I. After the abolition of the monarchy in 1953 and the establishment of a one-party republic initially led by General Muhammad Nagib, Nasser took power in 1954. He successfully negotiated with the British to withdraw from Egypt, thus ending their decades-long control over Egypt. Nasser was elected president of Egypt in 1956, and in the same year he made the decision to nationalize the Suez Canal. In 1958, he sought to flesh out his ideas of Arab unity by forming a federation of Egypt and Syria - the United Arab Republic - under his presidency. But the UAR collapsed after the military coup in Syria. Nasser distanced Egypt from Western countries, and became famous for the concept of Arab socialism and the nationalization of financial institutions, which was supposed to finance the industrialization of the country. For a while he was the most influential leader of the Arab world. Israel's attack on Egypt in 1967 in the Six-Day War and the heavy Egyptian defeat that resulted was the reason Nasser resigned the same year. At the request of the public, he returned to office, but he never managed to restore the reputation of a pan-Arab leader that he had before the war. He died in 1970 in Cairo.

Childhood and youth

Gamal Abdel Nasser was born on January 15, 1918 in the Egyptian city of Alexandria as the son of a postman, with Asian roots. He first became interested in politics at the age of 11 when he attended Ras el Tin High School in Alexandria. He went to his first political demonstration when he was still a "schoolboy". During the demonstration, Nasser was "hit in the face with a police baton", arrested and taken to prison. Nasser's political involvement lasted throughout his schooling, and during his last year of high school, he spent "a total of 45 days at school". In that same period, 1935 — 1936, he was elected president of the Committee of Cairo Students Interested in Political Reform. Then, in March 1937, he was admitted to the Egyptian Military Academy�