Greece

Article

October 18, 2021

Greece (Greek: Ελλάς [Ellás] - Elas, Greek: Ελλάδα [Elláda] - Elada), officially the Hellenic Republic or Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία [Ellinikí Dimokratía] Balkan Peninsula. It is located at a strategically very important crossroads between Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, between the Aegean Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea in the west and the Mediterranean Sea in the south. It borders Albania to the northwest, northern Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. With an area of ​​slightly less than 132,000 km2, it is the largest country on the Balkan Peninsula and ranks 97th in the world. In addition to the mainland, Greece includes over 1,400 islands, the largest and most important of which are Crete, Euboea, Lesbos, Rhodes and Corfu. The coast is very indented and with a length of 13,676 km, Greece is on the 11th place in the world. The relief is mostly mountainous, and the highest peak is Mount Olympus with an altitude of 2,917 m. According to the 2011 census, Greece had a population of just under 11 million, and almost half of the population lived in the country's three largest urban agglomerations - Athens (which is also the capital and largest city), Thessaloniki and Patras. Larger cities are also Heraklion, Larissa, Volos and Rhodes. About 95% of the population are ethnic Greeks, and Greece is considered one of the most ethnically homogeneous countries in Europe. The most numerous national minority are Albanians with a share in the total population of about 4%. The official language is Greek, and in terms of confession, Orthodox Christianity dominates (Greek Orthodox Church and Patriarchate of Constantinople). The history of the modern Greek state has its roots in the time of ancient Greece, and Greece itself is often considered the "cradle" of modern European civilization. Greece is the homeland of modern democracy, philosophy, the Olympic Games, European literature and historiography, political science, important scientific and mathematical principles, geography, art (especially dramatic forms of comedy and tragedy, and sculpture). There are as many as 17 sites throughout Greece on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The modern Greek state was created in 1830 after winning the war for independence against the Ottoman Empire. Greece is a member of numerous international economic, political and military organizations

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