The Dardanians or Dardans (Antr. Δαρδάνιοι [Dardánioi], Δάρδανοι [Dárdanoi]; lat. Dardani), were an extremely powerful Illyrian-Thracian people, very close to the Tribals, related to the Dacians and Mezi. According to legend, the Dardanians were the founders of Troy (see: Dardan (city)) and allies of the Trojans in the Trojan War.
According to the legend, the father of Aeneas, the founder of Roman glory and greatness, is of Dardanian origin, as well as his family gens Iulia, from which Gaius Julius Caesar, the stepfather of Octavian Augustus, also descended. Therefore, Aphrodite-Venus (which is also the July star) occupies a special place in the cult of Roman emperors. It is known that the Dardanian Aeneas, according to the legend, is the son of the goddess Aphrodite. They lived in ancient times in a large part of today's southern Serbia, then Macedonia, Kosovo and Metohija.
The Dardanian region stretched approximately from Knjaževac to Veles and from the Sharr Mountains to Bulgaria. The Dardanians were conquered by the Romans probably at the end of the 1st century BC. n. e..Dardania was rich in ores. The Dardanians were well-trained warriors. Neighboring peoples, the Macedonians, and later the Romans, suffered much from their incursions with the Scordisci.
200 and 197 p. n. e., flooded the northern part of the state of the Macedonian King Philip III.
The more important and larger cities of the Dardanians were Ulpiana (Pristina) Therranda (Prizren) Vicianum (Vushtrri) Skopje (Skopje) Damastioni (near Lake Ohrid). Naissus (Nis) later became the most important city and the seat of the Roman province of Moesia.
97 p. n. e. The Dardanians were defeated by the Romans.
84 p. n. e. the famous Roman duke and statesman Sulla fought against them.
75 and 62 p. n. e. wars were fought between them and the Romans.
58 and later, several times, they flooded Macedonia.
Until the end of the 3rd century AD, the Dardanian region was called Dardania, but it did not form a separate province, but was part of the province of Moesia (after Upper Moesia). Nis, Skopje and Lipljan were in Dardania at the time. At the end of the 3rd century AD, Dardania became a separate province, but its area was a bit narrower, because Nis belonged to Dacia (Mediterranean, inland). Under Roman rule, they gave their masters excellent soldiers. Ores (iron, silver and lead) were also mined in their country, and mining money was minted for the governments of Emperor Trajan and Hadrian.
During the Byzantine administration, there was a visa