Weight lifting

Article

August 11, 2022

Weightlifting is an Olympic sport in which the competitor uses the power of his muscles to lift a large weight placed on steel bars, which requires physical strength, concentration, experience, willpower, fitness, technique, all in all mental and physical strength . The term "weightlifting" usually refers to just training for a competition; in the training process, the main muscle groups needed for competition are strengthened, fitness is gained and the heart is prepared for great effort. Because of such results, many other athletes include similar exercises in their training. However, if done incorrectly, these exercises can lead to severe physical health disorders, so an experienced trainer and careful and gradual exercise are needed. Technique is the most important aspect of weightlifting, because without it, a weightlifter can get permanently injured and not achieve the expected results. Rest from exercise is equally important.

Brief history

Historically speaking, the mentioned branch of sport was practiced long ago all over the world, when people, first of all, lifted heavy stones in strength competitions. The first official data indicate that the lifting was present in Egypt, China and Greece. However, the modern age is associated with Europe and the 19th century. It is interesting that the first World Championship for men was held in 1891, and there were no categories then, and that women of the fairer sex fought for the planetary championship only in 1987. The International Federation was founded in 1905 and, according to available information, has 187 members based in Budapest.

Olympic discipline

The Olympic discipline consists of two parts. In the first part, the weight is raised in one stroke from the ground to overhead, and in the second part, mostly with heavier weights, the weight is raised to above the knees in one jerk, where the lifter usually drops to his knees to relieve himself, then rises to shoulders again lowering towards the ground and practically lifting the weight with the legs, and finally up, again helping with the legs. Three judges oversee the process. When a competitor reaches the goal, each judge flashes a white light. When at least two judges so mark a successful lift, it is considered correct. If the referee considers that the lift was not correct, he indicates it with a red light. The weights must be raised to at least knee level within 60 seconds. If so