May 21, 2022
Drama is a genre in literature, which originated in the fifth century BC, during ancient Greece, and which is still developing today. Drama is a literary work, which mainly serves public performance in the theater. During the 18th and 19th centuries, opera was created as a combination of drama, poetry and music. The basic subtypes of drama are: tragedy, comedy and drama in the narrow sense, which first appeared several centuries before our era. According to the legends, the ancient Greek drama was created during a religious festival, when one singer separated from the choir and started singing alone. Greek tragedy dealt mainly with well-known mythological themes. Tragedies are, similarly to today, works of a more serious and difficult character and concern mostly human tragic destinies. Unlike them, comedies are mostly more cheerful and almost always have a happy ending. Greek drama festivals were of a competitive type, and writers applied for the competition with tetralogies: three tragedies and one comedy. The most famous ancient playwrights are Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, as well as the comedian Aristophanes.