Edward Jenner

Article

May 28, 2022

Edward Jenner (May 17, 1749 - January 26, 1823) was an English village physician in Berkeley, known for his work in introducing the smallpox vaccine into medicine. , which had two huge flaws: it was dangerous even if the infection from inoculation passed, and the patient was infected with smallpox. This made him invulnerable to any family to which he was not already immune. There was a local tradition among those who milked cows so that those who became infected with the so-called "cow goddesses" did not get smallpox. Smallpox is associated with smallpox, and Jenner realized that if the local tradition was correct, it would have a certain advantage over the use of smallpox in inoculation. On May 14, 1796, he tested for inoculation with cowpox on an eight-year-old boy, James Phipps, in the same way as inoculation with smallpox. The boy successfully recovered after 6 months. When Jenner later applied the goddess inoculation, the boy was already immune. Jenner called this method vaccination, because the original material was from a cow (lat. Vacca). Jenner saw the long-term implications of vaccination, and he knew that the day would come when smallpox would not be a danger; his dream came true with the global extinction of this disease in the late 1970s. For this pioneering work in the field of vaccination, Jenner is considered the father of immunization. He studied anatomy and surgery with John Hunter, a famous London surgeon, and then returned to Berkeley to practice. The Jenner House in Berkeley is now the Jenner Museum. Jenner was also a careful observer of nature, and the first to notice how cowardly cubs push the eggs of the bird whose nest it is, so that only they can take food from false parents. Due to this observation, he was elected a member of the Royal Society in 1789.

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Edward Jenner on Project Gutenberg (English) Edward Jenner on LibriVox (English) Edward Jenner on the Internet Archive (language: English) A digitized copy of An inquiry into the causes and effects of the variola vaccine (1798), from the Posner Memorial Collection at Carnegie Mellon Dr. Jenner’s House, Museum and Garden, Berkeley The Evolution of Modern Medicine. Osler, W (FTP) Jenner's writings on vaccination Jenner Museum