Elizabeth II

Article

July 5, 2022

Elizabeth II (eng. Elizabeth II), full name Elizabeth Alexandra Mary (eng. Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; London, United Kingdom, April 21, 1926), is the monarch of 15 royal countries of the Commonwealth and the supreme head of the Church of England. After succeeding to the throne on 6 February 1952, Elizabeth became Head of the Commonwealth and Queen of the seven independent Commonwealth States: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan and Ceylon. Her coronation held the following year was the first to be televised. From 1956 to 1992, the number of its kingdoms changed as some territories gained independence and some kingdoms became republics. Today, in addition to the first four states, Elizabeth is Queen of Jamaica, Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Kitts and Nevis. She is the oldest reigning monarch in the world and the longest-reigning British monarch. On September 9, 2015, at around 6:30 p.m. CET, she became Britain's longest-reigning monarch and longest-reigning female monarch, overtaking Queen Victoria. Elizabeth was born in London and is the eldest daughter of the Duke and Duchess of York, later of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. Her father became king after the abdication of his brother Edward VIII in 1936, when she became heir to the throne. She began to perform public duties during the Second World War, in which she served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. Elizabeth married Philip, Duke of Edinburgh in 1947, with whom she has four children: Charles, Anna, Andrew and Edward.

Childhood

Born as the first child of the marriage of Prince Albert of York and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. She was born in London at 17 Bruton Street. She was baptized in Buckingham Palace Chapel as Elizabeth Alexandra Mary. She was first named after her mother, second after her great-grandmother Alexandra, Queen and Princess of Denmark, and third after her grandmother, Queen Mary. At the time of her birth, her paternal grandfather, George V, was king, and Elizabeth was third in the line of succession, after her uncle Edward and father George. Elizabeth and her four years younger sister Margareta were brought up by a governess under the supervision of their mother. On the occasion of Princess Elizabeth's third birthday, her sl