January 27, 2022
Ethanol or ethyl alcohol, alcohol, spirits, spirits, spirits, is a popular name for an organic compound from the group of alcohols. It appears as a colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Its name comes from the Arabic word al-kuhl, which means powder for coloring eyelids. It is most often produced from starchy and sugar raw materials by fermentation with the help of yeast. Ethanol is the main alcohol in alcoholic beverages, produced by the fermentation of sugar through yeast. It is a neurotoxic psychoactive substance and one of the oldest recreational drugs. It can cause alcohol intoxication when consumed in excessive amounts. It is used as a solvent and extractant, disinfectant, preservative and in the production of alcoholic beverages. Serves as a starting material for whole chemicals. The general formula of alcohol is R-O H, ie the hydroxyl group O H, bound to alkane, i.e. hydrocarbon chain. Carboxylic acids, which are obtained by oxidation of alcohol, have a similar structure. The hydroxyl group (functional group) consists of one hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom, therefore it is monovalent. Therefore, the chain to which the group is attached must be monovalent. Thus, for example. the summarized structural formula of ethanol will be CH3-CH2-OH.