Zemun

Article

January 21, 2022

Zemun is an urban settlement in the southeastern part of Srem, on the right bank of the Danube, not far from the mouth of the Sava. Territorially, historically, politically, culturally, economically and traffic-wise, it is connected to Belgrade, which it has been a part of since 1934. According to the 2011 census, Zemun had 157,367 inhabitants (according to the 1991 census, there were 141,997 inhabitants, in 2002 there were 145,751 inhabitants).

Geography

Zemun is located in the southeastern part of Srem, below the Srem plateau on the right bank of the Danube, not far from the mouth of the Sava. It is one of the largest industrial centers in Serbia, with metal processing, textile, leather and footwear industry, chemical-pharmaceutical, wood. It is an important center of road, river and air traffic. Zemun, as a part of Belgrade, is a great cultural and educational center. Today, it is expanding territorially to the west and southwest, where it merged with New Belgrade.

Name

The first name was Taurunum. The oldest written traces of today's name of the city date from the 12th century. It originated from the Slavic word zemlin and it is assumed that the name is associated with dugouts that are massively present in the vertical edge of the light terrace.

Names through history

History of Zemun

According to the remains of material culture, it was concluded that the first inhabitants of Zemun founded their settlements in this area in the period from 4500-3000. year p. n. e. They lived in dugouts (pits), so the word Zemun came from there. This culture was followed by the Middle and Younger Neolithic, a period in which people living in the area of ​​today's Zemun lived in Gardoš. This culture in Srem around the year 2000 p. n. Baden culture is changing, when the first use of copper in the manufacture of tools and weapons began. Gardoš is home to one of the largest and longest-lived settlements of this culture. After Baden, the next culture in this area that followed was the Vučedol culture. This culture came to life in Zemun's Pregrevica, as evidenced by archeological finds found on the banks of the Danube. The first serious settlement in the area of ​​Zemun was the Celtic Taurunum, which, based on data, is believed to have been built around 85 BC. n. e. The settlement was located on the site of today's Gardoš and the Zemun cemetery. After the great battles during the Roman wars of conquest and the conquest of the Illyrian-Celtic tribe, they broke up

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