Golden carp (lat. Carassius auratus) is a fish with a skeletal skeleton, a fishfish, and according to the flexible bone spokes in the fins, they belong to the mollusks. Together with carp, bream, barbel and many other fish of our fresh waters, it forms a carp family. Also, golden carp is one of the first domesticated fish, so it is often bred in aquariums.
Latin name: Carassius auratus
Local names: Golden Carp
Max. length: 45 cm
Max. weight: 1.5 kg
Spawning time: from May to June
The origin of the goldfish is from East Asia, but it was first selectively bred in ancient China more than 1,000 years ago. From then until today, several different species have been bred. They were initially bred as fish food. Over time, it has been observed that ordinary silver and bronze fish have a tendency to mutate into red-orange. During the reign of the Tang dynasty (618-907), it was popular to grow golden carp in ornamental ponds and aquariums. It was brought to Japan in 1603, and to Portugal eight years later. From there, it spread to all parts of Europe. In the middle of the 19th century, it also found a habitat in North America. They found their place in Chinese art, and in southern Europe they were considered a symbol of joy and happiness.
Habits, habitat, distribution
Golden carp inhabits quiet and warm lowland waters, dead waters, ponds, backwaters, marshes, lakes overgrown with aquatic plants, canals, reservoirs and generally waters with muddy and clayey bottoms. The conditions in which the carp lives are the most suitable for it. It tolerates the lack of oxygen in the water quite well. Golden carp live at the bottom where they feed on small animals and parts of plants. During the summer, he eats more intensively, while in the winter he completely stops eating. In waters that completely freeze in winter, it survives thanks to its non-freezing body secretion, which provides skin moisture.
Description and material
Golden carp has a stocky body, and depending on the breed can be from 13 to 45 cm long. It is adorned with light whitish, grayish, yellowish back, hips silvery, and sometimes with green or reddish-yellow tinges. The fins are reddish gray. Mouth small without mustache. What they have in common is a high, outer body covered with large and firmly planted scales. The dorsal fin is very long �