Going out into outer space
May 17, 2022
Going into outer space is any activity carried out by astronauts or astronauts outside their spacecraft, outside the boundaries of the Earth's atmosphere. This term most often refers to a spacewalk that takes place outside a spacecraft in low Earth orbit (such as the International Space Station), but was also used during lunar surface surveys - moonwalk walks, which were conducted by astronauts of the Apollo project between 1969 and 1972. The most commonly used acronym is EVA (from the English abbreviation EVA) (extra-vehicular activity), which in translation would mean activities outside the spaceship. During the last three missions of the Apollo project, the only EVAs in deep space have been conducted so far. During the return journey from the Moon to Earth, astronauts went into space to pick up canisters of film that were on the outside of the spacecraft. Astronauts also performed EVA to repair Skylab, while astronauts performed repairs at Mir station after damage caused by the Progress spacecraft. Russia, the United States and China are currently the only countries that have successfully conducted space travel.