Israel

Article

May 28, 2022

Israel (Hebrew: ישראל - Israel; Arabic: إسرائيل - Israel), officially the State of Israel (Hebrew: מדינת ישראל; Arabic: دولة إسرائيل), is a Middle Eastern and parliamentary republic on the east coast of the Mediterranean. It borders Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east and Egypt to the southwest. Israel is the only country in the world where the majority of the population is Jewish, and as such, its laws define it as a Jewish and democratic state. Israel declared its independence on May 14, 1948. Only a day later, he was attacked by neighboring Arab states. Since then, Israel has fought wars with its neighbors several times, occupying several territories, including the West Bank, the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights. The Israeli government has signed peace agreements with Egypt and Jordan, but efforts to resolve the issue through diplomacy have had limited success. Israel has not officially defined the border with the West Bank, and the reason for that is the complexity and unresolved political situation. According to data from the Central Bureau of Statistics from February 2011, 7,718,600 people live in Israel, of which 5,818,200 are Jews. The Arab population is the second largest ethnic group, which includes both Muslims and Christians. Other minorities are Druze, Adyghe and Samaritan. According to the May 2010 census, including about 300,000 Arabs living in East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, there are 1,579,700 of these non-Jewish minorities. Israel is a developed country with a democratic system and parliamentary system. The unicameral Knesset is the highest legislative body with 120 members. The country is run by a prime minister, often referred to as Israel's prime minister. Based on the nominal social product, the Israeli Economy was the 41st economy in the world in 2008, while the Human Development Index is one of the largest in the region. The capital of the state is Jerusalem, although it is not internationally accepted as such. In 2010, Israel became a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Etymology

After gaining independence in 1948, the new Jewish state was formally named Medinat Israel (מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל), or the state of Israel. Several religious and historical names have been proposed, including Eretz Israel (Land of Israel), Zion, and