Illyrians

Article

October 28, 2021

{{short description | The Illyrians are a collective name given to a diverse group of tribes and tribal alliances of the Thracian-Illyrian branch of the Indo-European ethno-linguistic family, once inhabited in areas from the Pannonian Plain to the shores of the Adriatic Sea and southern Italy. Gustav Kosina's opinion was that they originated from Lusatia in Germany, from where they came to the Balkan area and caused the migration of Greeks around 1300 BC. n. e. This process of their immigration meant the end for the Bronze Age communities that lived in those areas before them. A newer theory was developed by Alojz Benac and Borivoj Covic in the 1960s, effectively discrediting previous opinions about the Illyrians as newcomers. In their opinion, the Iron Age groups in the Balkans known as the "Illyrians" were mostly indigenous, and periodic migrations (such as the Hallstatt migrations, or dispersions of the Laten culture popularly known as the Celts in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC). they did not significantly change the ethnic substrate of the native population that evolved through the stages that Benac defines as pre-Illyrians, proto-Illyrians and Illyrians. Illyrian tribes began to establish more complex proto-state formations under Mediterranean (predominantly Hellenic) influences only in the late Iron Age. The Illyrians did not live in an organized state, but in tribal communities, and the only exception is the period from 250 BC. n. e. - 167. p. n. e., during which period the Illyrian state existed. They know the kings Agron, Epulon and Queen Teuta.

History

Apart from the Thracians, the Illyrians are one of the most enigmatic Paleo-Balkan peoples, although they were involved in the history of the Greeks, Macedonians and Romans, they had vague ideas about Illyrian origin, countries, habits and customs. Precisely because of that, everything that was said in ancient sources is subject to doubt, and in modern historiography there are inconsistencies - both in terms of ethnogenesis, and in perceiving their territory, culture and way of life. Illyria and the Illyrians are first mentioned by Herodotus (485-425 BC) in his History, but quite incidentally; it places Illyria around the source of the river Angros (today's Ibar), in a mountainous area in the southwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula. Thucydides (c. 460-400 BC) testifies that the Illyrian lands also included coastal areas on the southeastern coast of the Adriatic Sea.

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