October 18, 2021

Indonesia, or officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia. It covers an archipelago of 13,466 islands and is the largest island nation in the world in terms of population and area, and is the 14th largest country in the world, including Borneo, Sumatra, Java, which is the most populous island in the world with over 140 million inhabitants and in which 50% of the total population lives, Madura, Bali, Lombok, Nias, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, Timor, Sulawesi, Halmahera, Ambon, Komodo, Krakatau, Alor, Belitung, Bintan, Rinka, Banka, Buru, Seram and the western part of New Guinea and thousands of small and uninhabited islands. According to estimates, Indonesia had more than 260 million inhabitants in 2016, which ranked it fourth in the world. Also, Indonesia is the country with the largest population in which Muslims are the majority. According to the social system, it is a republic with a president at the head of the state. It is divided into 34 provinces, five of which have a special administrative status. The capital is Jakarta on the island of Java. Indonesia has a land border with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. In addition to them, the neighboring countries are Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, Palau and the territory of India, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is the founder of the Non-Aligned Movement, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and a member of the G-20 group. In terms of nominal GDP, it is on the 16th, and in terms of GDP measured by purchasing power parity, it is on the eighth place in the world. From the beginning of the new era, the rulers there gradually accepted foreign cultural, religious and political role models, and the Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Attracted by natural resources, foreign powers have largely shaped Indonesian history. Muslim traders brought Islam, now predominant, while European powers brought Christianity. The two sides clashed over a spice monopoly in the Moluccas during the Age of Great Geographical Discoveries. After World War II, Indonesia managed to gain independence, ending a three-century-old primarily Dutch

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