Islam

Article

May 19, 2022

Islam (Arabic: لسلام) is a monotheistic religion that originates from the teachings of Muhammad from the 7th century. It is based on faith in one God (Allah), the election of Muhammad as God's messenger, the predestination of human destiny, the reward for good deeds and the punishment for bad, the day of judgment and the resurrection of the dead. The postulates of Islam are published in the Hadiths or. Collections of Islamic books, and the very foundation of Islam is the Holy Book of the Qur'an. The Qur'an is written in Arabic and contains 114 suras (chapters). The Qur'an is a collection of revelations that are exclusively from the Supreme God and represent exclusively the word of God. This epistle was transmitted to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Arab: angel Jibril). In the desert cave, he loved to be alone and think about the Creator of the whole world and all beings and forces. Then, on one occasion, the angel Gabriel descended from heaven and appeared to him in the form of an angel and ordered him to immediately study in the name of the Lord of all worlds who creates ... Followers of Islam are called Muslims, "those who submit" to God's will. There are over 2 billion Muslims in the world, which makes Islam the second largest religion after Christianity. The basic obligations of every Muslim are faith in one God (Allah) and Muhammad as his messenger, prayer five times a day, fasting in the month of Ramadan, giving alms and pilgrimage. in Mecca) at least once in a lifetime. Almost all Muslims belong to one of the two main Islamic groups: Sunnis (80%) or Shiites (20%). Islam is the predominant religion in the Middle East, as well as in many countries in Africa and Asia. Muslim communities also exist in Serbia and the Balkans.

Introduction

Ancient Semitic polytheism ruled in pre-Islamic Arabia. Each tribe worshiped its chief god or goddess, in the form of a stone or clay statue or tree. They were celebrated in temples, by offering offerings and sacrificing animals. The existence of evil spirits was universally known and will remain so in Islam. Allah (God) was not revered along with important Arab goddesses, and feasts, celebrations and pilgrimages during the worship of statues were common activities. According to Islamic custom, the portrayal of Muhammad is forbidden. Muslims are forbidden to wear amulets, amulets, photographs and statues, and for every major accident that befalls them