August 11, 2022

Kabul (Persian: کابل - Kâb'l) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. Kabul is also a municipality of part of Kabul province which is divided into 22 districts. According to estimates in 2020, the city of Kabul had 4,222,000 inhabitants. It is the only city with more than one million inhabitants in Afghanistan, it is its political, cultural and economic center. Due to rapid urbanization, Kabul has become the 75th largest city in the world. It is located in a narrow valley between the Hindu Kush mountains with an altitude of 1790 m, which makes it one of the highest capitals in the world. The city is more than 3,500 years old, and it is mentioned in writings from the time of the Achaemenid Empire. Kabul is at the crossroads of Asia, roughly halfway between Istanbul in the west and Hanoi in the east, strategically located along the crossroads of South and Central Asia and a key point of the wooden Silk Road. In addition to the Ahmedeni, Kabul was part of the Seleucid, Mauryan, Kushan, Timurid, Mughal, and many other empires until it finally became part of the Durrani Empire in 1747. Kabul became the capital of Afghanistan in 1776 during the reign of Timur Shah Durrani, the son of Ahmad Shah Durrani who was the founder of the Afghan nation-state and its ruler. At the beginning of the 19th century, the British occupied the city, but after the establishment of diplomatic relations, they withdrew their forces from Afghanistan. In 1979, the city was occupied by the USSR, but they left it after the signing of the Geneva Agreement in 1988. A civil war during the 1990s between different rebel groups destroyed most of the city and resulted in many casualties. Since the end of 2001, the city has been constantly renewed. Kabul is known for its gardens, bazaars and palaces. Despite frequent terrorist attacks in the city by mostly Taliban insurgents, the city continues to develop and was the fifth fastest growing city in the world by 2012. The city is estimated to have a population of between 2 and 4 million. Kabul has existed for more than 3,500 years, and in 1776 it became the capital. It is located in a narrow valley of the Kabul River, high in the mountains near the Cyber ​​Pass. It is connected to Tajikistan through a tunnel that passes through the Hindu Kush mountain. Industry is poorly developed due to frequent wars since 1979. Gradsk�