Casablanca (Arabic: الدار البيضاء, local pronunciation Dar Bejda, French: Casablanca) is the largest city in Morocco, located on the Atlantic coast. It is the largest city in the Maghreb region and the eighth largest in the Arab world. Casablanca is the main port of Morocco and one of the largest financial centers in Africa. According to the population estimate for 2019, the city has about 3.71 million inhabitants in the urban area and over 4.27 million in the wider city area. Casablanca is considered the economic and business center of Morocco, although the national political capital is Rabat.
Leading Moroccan companies and many international corporations operating in the country have their headquarters and main industrial plants in Casablanca. Recent industry statistics show that Casablanca holds its position as the nation's primary industrial zone. The port of Casablanca is one of the largest artificial ports in the world, and the second largest port in North Africa, after Tangier-Med 40 km (25 mi) east of Tangier. Casablanca also hosts the Royal Navy's primary naval base.
Casablanca is located on the Atlantic coast of the Chao plain, which was historically the granary of Morocco. Apart from the Atlantic coast, the Buskura forest is the only natural attraction in the city. The forest was planted in the 20th century and consists mainly of eucalyptus, palm and pine trees. It is located halfway to the international airport.
The only watercourse in Casablanca is the source of the Buskura, a small seasonal stream that by 1912 reached the Atlantic Ocean near the actual port. Most of the Buskura riverbed is covered due to urbanization and now only a part south of the El Jadida road can be seen. The nearest permanent river Casablanca is Oum Rabia, 70 km (43.50 mi) southeast.
Casablanca has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Keppen's Csa classification). The cool Canary Current near the Atlantic coast alleviates temperature variations, resulting in a climate that is remarkably similar to the climate of Los Angeles, with similar temperature ranges. The city has an annual average of 72 days with significant rainfall, which is 412 mm (16.2 in) per year. The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded in the city are 40.5 ° C (104.9 ° F) and −27 ° C (−16.6 ° F), respectively. Maximum amount of precipitation