Kamchatka

Article

November 30, 2021

Kamchatka (Russian: Камча́тка) is a peninsula located in the far east of Russia. This huge peninsula is 1,250 km long and has an area of ​​472,300 km². It lies between the Pacific Ocean in the east and the Sea of ​​Okhotsk in the west. Near its Pacific coast lies the giant sea trench Kuril-Kamchatka, 10,500 m deep. Kamchatka is also home to the Kamchatka Volcanoes, which have been declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Kamchatka, the island of Karagin and the Commander Islands form the Kamchatka Province, one of the eight Russian provinces, which, among others, make up the Russian federal entities. About 402,500 people live in this area, most of whom are Russians, but there are also about 13,000 Koreans. More than half of the population lives in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (192,028 inhabitants) and Jeljizovo (41,533).

Geography and climate

Kamchatka is rich in rivers and lakes, but also in numerous volcanoes and geysers. The Kamchatka River and its valley are bordered by a magnificent belt of about 160 volcanoes, 29 of which are still active. Nineteen of them are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List as "one of the most prominent examples of volcanic regions in the world". The highest volcano is Ključevski volcano (about 4,750 meters high), and probably the most beautiful is Kronotski, because of whose perfect conical shape Robert and Barbara Decker, famous volcanologists, characterized it as the first candidate for the world's most beautiful volcano. From Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky you can see the Koryak, Avachin and Kozel volcanoes with the naked eye. In the middle of the Kamchatka Peninsula is the famous geyser valley, which was partially destroyed by heavy landslides in June 2007.

Rivers

Most of the rivers of Kamchatka spring at the foot of mountains and glaciers, which explains the quality and purity of the water in them. During the spawning season, many tourists and fishing enthusiasts shine on Kamchatka, as well as natural fishermen such as brown bears. Many rivers of Kamchatka are suitable for sports rafting, of which the most popular are the rivers Avača and Bistraja. The largest river on Kamchatka, Kamchatka, is also suitable for rafting in certain parts and canals. Other rivers in Kamchatka: Penžina Županova Opal Šćapina Bjelogalovaja

Lakes

Stubelja Goliginsko Kuriljsko Kronocko Nachik

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