Cannes Film Festival

Article

July 1, 2022

The Cannes Film Festival (French: Le Festival International du Film de Cannes) has been held every year in the city of Cannes in the south of France since 1946. The festival screens new films of all genres, including documentaries, from around the world. It is one of the most prestigious and popular film festivals in the world. The festival can be attended only by invitation, and is held once a year (usually in May) in the Palace of Festivals and Congresses. The most prestigious award (for best film) is the Golden Palm (French Palme d'Or), which, among others, twice received by Serbian director Emir Kusturica. The Cannes Film Festival was held for the first time from September 20 to October 5, 1946 in Cannes. On July 1, 2014, the co-founder and former head of the French TV Channel Plus, Pierre Lescourt, took over the duty of the festival president. France is also hosting its national Caesar Film Award, which is also considered to be the French equivalent of the American Oscar. It is one of the Big Five film festivals, in addition to the Venice Film Festival in Italy, the Berlin International Film Festival in Germany, the Toronto International Film Festival in Canada and the Sundance Film Festival in the United States. The Big Five is internationally recognized because it gives creators the artistic freedom to express themselves through film. In 1951, the FIAPF formally accredited the festival.

History

The Cannes Film Festival has its roots in the late 1930s, when Jean Ze, the then French Minister of National Education, founded an international film festival at the suggestion of Philippe Erlanger and with the support of the British and Americans. In 1947, the festival was held under the name Festival du film de Cannes, where films from sixteen countries were presented. At that time, the principle of equality was introduced, with a jury composed of only one representative per country. The festival is now held in the Palais des Festivals, a palace specially built for the occasion, although during the opening ceremony in 1949 the roof was unfinished and collapsed during a storm. The festival was not held in 1948 and 1950 due to budget problems. Although at the very beginning the French wish was for the festival to be held in the autumn in order to compete with the Venice Film Festival, in 1951 Cannes moved the holding to the spring in order to