October 19, 2021
Catalonia (cat. Catalunya; oxy. Catalonha; Spanish Cataluña) is one of the 17 autonomous communities of Spain. Its area mainly corresponds to the historical territory of the Principality of Catalonia. The Autonomous Community of Catalonia has an area of 32,091 km2, and the official population is about 7.5 million (2010). The majority of the population are Catalans who speak the Catalan language. The capital of Catalonia is Barcelona. Catalonia is officially recognized as a historical nation in the Catalan Autonomous Statute adopted in 1979, in accordance with the 1978 Constitution of Spain. On October 27, 2017, Catalonia officially declared its independence. After the declaration of independence, the Government of Spain immediately initiated Article 155 of the Spanish Constitution, that is. activated the "nuclear option", which dissolved the entire Catalan parliament, including the President of the Catalan Government, Carles Puigdemon, the Vice President and all the ministers in the Parliament. The United States, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Slovakia and Turkey have expressed support for Spain and its territorial integrity, saying they do not recognize Catalonia's independence. The Prime Minister of Spain, Mariano Rajoy Bray, also convened early regional elections for December 21, 2017.