Catalonia

Article

October 19, 2021

Catalonia (cat. Catalunya; oxy. Catalonha; Spanish Cataluña) is one of the 17 autonomous communities of Spain. Its area mainly corresponds to the historical territory of the Principality of Catalonia. The Autonomous Community of Catalonia has an area of ​​32,091 km2, and the official population is about 7.5 million (2010). The majority of the population are Catalans who speak the Catalan language. The capital of Catalonia is Barcelona. Catalonia is officially recognized as a historical nation in the Catalan Autonomous Statute adopted in 1979, in accordance with the 1978 Constitution of Spain. On October 27, 2017, Catalonia officially declared its independence. After the declaration of independence, the Government of Spain immediately initiated Article 155 of the Spanish Constitution, that is. activated the "nuclear option", which dissolved the entire Catalan parliament, including the President of the Catalan Government, Carles Puigdemon, the Vice President and all the ministers in the Parliament. The United States, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Slovakia and Turkey have expressed support for Spain and its territorial integrity, saying they do not recognize Catalonia's independence. The Prime Minister of Spain, Mariano Rajoy Bray, also convened early regional elections for December 21, 2017.

Origin of the name

The name Catalonia began to be used in the 11th century. There are several assumptions as to how the given name is derived: According to the first assumption, Catalonia was named after the local word for castle - castle (castlà, English Castel), so Catalonia would be "Land of Castles"; According to another assumption, the name is derived from the word Gothia ("Land of the Goths"), which gradually passed into the present name (Gothia> Gotland> Gotalania> Catalonia).

Position

Catalonia is located in the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula. On the other side of the province is surrounded by: North: France and Andorra, East: Mediterranean Sea, South: Valencian Community, West: Aragon.

Natural features

The area of ​​the province is 32,114 km2 and according to this, Catalonia is one of the largest Spanish autonomous communities. Relief: Within Catalonia, there are three natural wholes. The coastal part in the east and south consists of coastal valleys intersected by hills that reach the sea. Coastal plains create significant r�

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