January 21, 2022
Qatar (Arabic: Qaṭar قطر; IPA: / ˈqɑtˤɑr /, ext. / Vern .: / ɡɪtˤɑr /), officially the State of Qatar (Arabic: Dawlat Qaṭar دولة قطر), is an emirate in the Middle East located in the small Qatari Peninsula that is part of of the greater Arabian Peninsula. It borders Saudi Arabia to the south; otherwise, the Persian Gulf surrounds this country. According to the state system, Qatar is an absolute monarchy - an emirate. The capital is Doha. In the last century, according to the policy of Qatar, the Thani family has dominated, from which the current emir comes. After the end of the British protectorate in 1971, the country did not join the United Arab Emirates, choosing full independence instead. The most widespread religion in Qatar is Islam. Arabic or its local dialect is the language of the majority of the population. A large number of residents are foreign nationals working in the oil industry. Qatar's economy is dominated by the oil industry. Revenues from the sale of oil have enabled an increase in living standards and the introduction of a welfare state similar to those in Europe. GDP in 2014 was 145,894 US dollars per capita, measured by PPP, seven times more than 11 years ago. Qatar is the seat of the famous Arab TV station Al Jazeera. Lately, the country has been rapidly democratizing. Local elections were held for the first time in 1999, and elections for the Legislative Assembly are scheduled for 2016.