Catherine the Great
January 21, 2022
Catherine II Alekseevna (Russian: Екатери́на II Алексе́евна, known as Catherine the Great (Russian: Екатери́на Великая), born Sofia Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst; April 21, 1729 - November 6) 1796) was the Empress of Russia from June 28, 1762 until her death on November 6, 1796. She was an example of an enlightened ruler of her time. Catherine the Great is considered one of the most influential and powerful women in power in world history. On October 11, 1783, she founded the Russian Academy as a state body for Russian language and literature. The academy existed until the 1840s and has been part of the Russian Academy of Sciences ever since. Thanks to the Russian Academy, the Slavic-Serbian language and literature also developed. During her 34-year rule, Russia gained a large territorial expansion to the west, over 200 new cities were built throughout Russia, as well as a large number of schools and universities. Catherine interacted with the great intellectuals of the time, and worked on the cultural Europeanization of Russia, so Russia under her rule experienced cultural prosperity, but also great economic and industrial progress.