Catherine the Great


January 21, 2022

Catherine II Alekseevna (Russian: Екатери́на II Алексе́евна, known as Catherine the Great (Russian: Екатери́на Великая), born Sofia Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst; April 21, 1729 - November 6) 1796) was the Empress of Russia from June 28, 1762 until her death on November 6, 1796. She was an example of an enlightened ruler of her time. Catherine the Great is considered one of the most influential and powerful women in power in world history. On October 11, 1783, she founded the Russian Academy as a state body for Russian language and literature. The academy existed until the 1840s and has been part of the Russian Academy of Sciences ever since. Thanks to the Russian Academy, the Slavic-Serbian language and literature also developed. During her 34-year rule, Russia gained a large territorial expansion to the west, over 200 new cities were built throughout Russia, as well as a large number of schools and universities. Catherine interacted with the great intellectuals of the time, and worked on the cultural Europeanization of Russia, so Russia under her rule experienced cultural prosperity, but also great economic and industrial progress.

Life before coming to power

Sophia August Frederik of Anhalt-Cerbst, nicknamed "Fig", was born in Szczecin in Prussia (Stettin, now Szczecin Szczecin in Poland), to the father of Prince Christian August of Anhalt-Cerbst and his mother, Princess Johanna Elizabeth of Holstein. -Gotorpa. She was born as a German princess, related to the future kings Gustav III of Sweden and Charles XIII of Sweden. In 1744, the Russian Empress Elizabeth chose Sofia as the wife of her nephew Peter III of Russia, her chosen heir. Sofia changed her name to Katarina when she was converted to the Russian Orthodox faith. The marriage was characterized as a failure due to her infidelity. She quickly became popular with several political groups that were against her husband. Highly educated, Katarina was up to date with news from Russia and the rest of Europe. She corresponded with many great minds of her time, including Voltaire and Diderot. In 1762, after moving to the new Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, Peter came to the throne as Peter III of Russia, but his eccentric policy alienated

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