Kiel Agreement


January 27, 2022

The Treaty of Kiel is an agreement concluded on January 14, 1814 between Sweden and Denmark-Norway. The King of Denmark lost in the Napoleonic Wars, so he had to hand over Norway to Sweden. In return he received the Swedish parts of Pomerania.

Agreement not implemented

However, the Kiel Agreement was never implemented. Pomerania became part of Prussia, and Norway declared independence, adopted a constitution and elected Christian Frederick king. After a short war between Norway and Sweden, Norway entered into a personal union with Sweden under the provisions of the Moss Convention. The Kiel Agreement was given to Denmark by Greenland, Iceland and the Faroe Islands. Personal Union of Sweden and Norway When Christian Frederick heard about the Kiel Agreement, he founded the Norwegian Independence Movement, with the probable goal of reuniting with Denmark. The independence movement was quite successful due to the strong desire for independence in Norway, but also due to the Danish support for the movement. The Norwegian Parliament met on April 10 with the aim of adopting a constitution. Norway declared independence on May 17, 1814. Christian Frederick became king. After a short war with Sweden and the Norwegian defeat, Christian Frederik was overthrown, and Charles XIII, who was also the King of Sweden, became King of Norway. The union of Sweden and Norway was created, which lasted until 1905.

External links

Treaty of Kiel (in Swedish and French)

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