October 18, 2021
Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Drusus; Lugdunum, 1 August 10. p. n. e. - Rome, October 13, 54), also known as Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus (lat. Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus), was the fourth Roman emperor from the Julius-Claudius dynasty, and ruled from January 24, 41 to his death of the 54th year. Born in Lugdunum in Gaul (present-day Lyon, France), to father Drusus and mother Antonia the Younger, he was the first Roman emperor born outside Italy. Claudius was considered very unsuitable for the emperor because of his physical shortcomings. Claudius was lame and had speech problems, so his desperate family literally excluded him from public life until he became consul, along with his nephew Caligula in 37 AD. These flaws may have saved him from the fate that befell many other Roman patricians during the purges of Tiberius and Caligula. After the assassination of Emperor Caligula and his family, the Praetorian Guard proclaimed Claudius emperor, despite the opposition of the senate, which tried to regain the republic. Thus the emperor was elected for the first time by the Praetorians. Since he was not on good terms with the senate, during his reign, Claudius relied on the support of the army and the imperial bureaucracy. Many of his chief advisers, such as Narcissus' personal secretary, were freed slaves. Claudius led a military campaign against Britain, which began in 1943 and over the next few decades brought much of present-day England and Wales under Roman rule. Among other things, Claudia was remembered for her unsuccessful marriages. Ancient sources state that Claudia poisoned his fourth wife and nephew, Agrippina the Younger, by serving him a portion of poisonous mushrooms. Claudia was succeeded by Agrippina's son, Nero.