November 30, 2021
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia (Spanish: República de Colombia) is a country in northwestern South America. It borders Panama to the northwest, the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela and Brazil to the east, Peru and Ecuador to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Colombia is the 26th country in the world by area, and the fourth in South America. With over 49 million inhabitants, it ranks 29th in the world and is the second country in the number of Spanish speakers, after Mexico. Colombia is the fourth largest country in Latin America in terms of GDP. She is a member of KIVETS and is one of the fastest growing countries. It is ethnically very diverse. Due to centuries of mixing of the indigenous population with the descendants of African slaves, Europeans and people from the Middle East, a unique cultural heritage has been created. Most of the city's centers are located in the Andes, although Colombia's territory also includes the Amazon rainforest, tropical pastures, and the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. In environmental terms, Colombia is among the 17 countries with the highest biodiversity and is considered the country with the highest biodiversity per square kilometer.