A Commonwealth nation


July 5, 2022

The Commonwealth of Nations is an association of independent sovereign countries around the world, most of which were part of the territory of the British Empire. It is also known by the names Commonwealth (The Commonwealth), British Commonwealth of Nations (British Commonwealth of Nations) and British Commonwealth (British Commonwealth). The association has a loose character; members, currently 53, can leave the Commonwealth whenever they want. The Commonwealth is traditionally headed by the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen is a symbol of the unity of the Commonwealth of Nations and has no substantive executive power. Most member states have their own heads of state, while 16 of them recognize the British monarch as their leader. Those members are called Commonwealth Realms. The United Kingdom does not have the power to influence the politics and internal affairs of member countries in any way through the structures of the Commonwealth. Member States have no legal obligations towards each other. Instead, they are united by language, history, culture and their shared values ​​of democracy, human rights and the rule of law. These values ​​are enshrined in the Commonwealth Charter and are promoted by the Commonwealth Games every four years. The organization's main institutions are the Commonwealth Secretariat, which focuses on intergovernmental aspects, and the Commonwealth Foundation, which deals with non-governmental relations between member states. At the head of the Commonwealth Secretariat, the main link between all member states, is Secretary General Kamalesh Sharma. The seat of the Commonwealth is in Westminster, London. The Commonwealth dates back to the first half of the 20th century, when the decolonization of the British Empire led to an increased degree of self-government in its territories. It was originally created as the British Commonwealth of Nations by the Balfour Declaration at the Imperial Conference in 1926, and was formalized by the United Kingdom through the Statute of Westminster in 1931. The current Commonwealth of Nations was formally constituted by the London Declaration of 1949, which modernized the community, and established member countries as "free and equal". six inhabited continents