Basketball

Article

October 18, 2021

Basketball is a type of team sport, which mainly consists of two teams of five players each, competing against each other on a rectangular court. The main goal is to score as many points as possible, which is achieved by throwing the ball into the basket, while trying to make the opposing team score as few points as possible. The diameter of the basketball is 24 centimeters, and the diameter of the hoop is almost twice as big, 46 centimeters. A basket is worth one point when shooting free throws, two points when shooting within the three-point line, and three points if shooting outside the three-point line. The team that scores the most points at the end of the game, if the result is tied at the end of the regular part, overtime is played. Over time, basketball has developed the usual techniques of shooting, passing and guiding the ball, as well as the positions of the players and the attacking and defensive mechanism. While the usual competitive basketball takes place under strict and well-defined rules, various variations of basketball have made basketball closer to the players and with fewer rules. Basketball is one of the most watched sports in the world. While competitive basketball is exclusively an indoor sport that takes place on the basketball court, less regulated types of basketball can also be played as an outdoor sport on surfaces other than parquet, which is the standard for competitive basketball.

History

Beginnings

In early December 1891, James Naismith, a Canadian physician at McGill University and professor of physical education at Springfield College, devised a new indoor game that would serve to keep students fit for long winters. He rejected many of the proposed games, explaining that they were too rough or incomplete, and in the end he modified the children's game Duck on a Stone, adapted several sports into one whole, and wrote simple rules. He placed the basket at a height of 3.05 m. That basket differed from today's in that it had a solid bottom, while today's baskets have a net that passes the ball. While the baskets had a solid bottom, each time after the basket was scored the balls had to bounce out of the basket. Naismith's new game was very similar to handball, which originated at about the same time as basketball, in the late 19th century. Women's basketball began in 1894 when Senda Berenson, a professor of fi�

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