Kingdom of Serbia

Article

November 30, 2021

The Kingdom of Serbia is the former official name of the state of Serbia in the period between 1882 and 1918. Serbia was proclaimed a kingdom by a decision of the National Assembly on March 6, 1882, which elevated the Principality of Serbia to the level of a kingdom. The first modern King of Serbia, Milan Obrenović, ruled until 1889, when he abdicated in favor of his then minor son Aleksandar. Due to the King's infancy until 1893, a three-member Royal Governorate ruled. In 1903, the dynasty changed with a coup on the night between June 10 and 11, when King Aleksandar Obrenović was killed and Petar Karađorđević was proclaimed the new king. The state expanded its territory in 1912-1913. to the area that was until then under Turkish rule, i.e. to the area of ​​Old Serbia by participating in the Balkan Wars (First and Second Balkan Wars). As a result of the First World War, the Kingdom of Serbia existed as such until December 1, 1918, when the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was proclaimed under the further rule of the Serbian Karadjordjevic dynasty. The solemn proclamation of the state unity of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was immediately preceded by the conclusions of the National Council of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and the decision on the unification of Vojvodina and Montenegro with Serbia.

History

Serbian Revolution

The Serbian resistance to Ottoman domination, latent for many years, especially gained momentum at the beginning of the 19th century, erupting in the First and Second Serbian Uprisings in 1804 and 1815. At that time, the Ottoman Empire was already in a state of deep crisis with no prospect of recovery, which had a particularly difficult effect on the Christian peoples who lived in it.

Principality of Serbia

The Serbs raised not only a national but also a social revolution, after which Serbia began to catch up with other European countries, accepting the values ​​of civil society. As a result of the uprisings against the Ottoman Empire, the Principality of Serbia was formed, which was internationally recognized in 1878 after the subsequent wars. This extremely important period for Serbia was marked by the wars against the Ottoman Empire (Serbian-Turkish wars (1876-1878)), which gained the internationally recognized independence and annexation of southeastern Serbia.

Political opportunities

After the assassination of Prince Mihailo in 1868, the viceroyalty ruled until 1872, Prince Milan

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