Kraljevo

Article

November 30, 2021

Kraljevo is a city in Serbia in the Raska district. According to the 2011 census, there were 64,175 inhabitants (according to the 2002 census, there were 57,411 inhabitants). Kraljevo is located on three rivers: Ibar, West Morava and Ribnica. The municipality has 124,554 inhabitants. The city area of ​​Kraljevo consists of the settlement of Kraljevo and 17 other settlements: Adrani, Čibukovac, Grdica, Jarčujak, Konarevo, Mataruge, Mataruška Banja, Metikoš, Ratina, Ribnica, Vitanovac, Vrba, Zaklopača, Žiča, Kovanluk, Tavnik and Jovac The city coat of arms consists of seven crowns, which symbolizes the seven coronations of kings in the Žiča Monastery, which is located 5 km from the city center. Kraljevo is the administrative, economic, sports and cultural center of Serbia. It is also a crossroads of important highways.

Etymology

The oldest known name of the settlement, for which there is a written source, is Rudo Polje. It is mentioned under that name in 1476 in the Turkish cadastral census of the Smederevo Sandzak. After the arrival of the Turks in the area of ​​today's Kraljevo and its surroundings, the conquerors simply translated the name into Turkish, which reads Karan Ovasi. The people said it in a simplified way, Karanovac. The same name was recorded in the census from 1528, and then the duality of the name appeared, and in 1576 it was mentioned in various sources as Rudo Polje or as Karanovac. At the request of the locals of Karanovac, after the coronation of Milan Obrenović as king in the Žiča monastery, the name of the city was changed to Kraljevo by decree on April 19, 1882. The name remained until after the Second World War, and on July 6, 1949 it was renamed Rankovićevo, after Aleksandar Ranković and it bore that name until January 8, 1955, when the name Kraljevo was returned.

Geography

The city of Kraljevo has 64,175 inhabitants, and the wider municipal area has 124,554. It is located in the central part of Serbia, at 43 ° 43 'N and 20 ° 41' E, at the confluence of the Ibar and West Moravia, in the West Moravian valley between the tame Šumadija and harsher Stara Vlaška and Kopaonik mountain massifs, at an average altitude of 206 m. The geographical feature of Kraljevo is complemented by parts of the rivers Ibar and Zapadna Morava with tributaries. The Kraljevo part of the West Morava has gentle slopes intersected by streams and rivers, which are overgrown with deciduous forest in the higher parts, and orchards and vineyards are planted in the lower ones. Along the river itself there are flooded, fertile plains

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