Kingdom of England
January 21, 2022
The Kingdom of England is the name given to the country for which it existed in north-western Europe from 927 to 1707. At its peak, the Kingdom of England held two-thirds of Britain under its rule - an area corresponding to what is now England and Wales - as well as the nearby islands, not counting the smaller overseas estates and colonies established in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Kingdom of England originates from the states that were established by German immigrants to Britain during the Great Migration in the 5th century, most notably the English, Saxons and Yiti, who would later be known collectively as the Anglo-Saxons. English. Among these states (later known as the Heptarchy), Wessex, whose rulers would begin the process of unification, completed in 927 under King Ethelstan the Great, strengthened the most by the end of the 9th century. In 1066, England was conquered by the Normans, whose leader, Duke William the Conqueror, proclaimed himself the new English king, but also began new conquests, which until 1283 brought neighboring Wales under the rule of the Kingdom of England (which retained some autonomy, primarily in legal matters). until the 16th century). In the north, on the other hand, the border with the Kingdom of Scotland has been established. In 1603, under James I, the first ruler of the Stuart dynasty, a personal union was established between England and Scotland that would last for the next century, with a brief break caused by the revolution and the establishment of the Republican Commonwealth under Cromwell. In 1707, the parliaments of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland passed the Union Law, which merged the two previously separate states into a unitary state called the United Kingdom of Great Britain, ruled by Queen Anne of Great Britain.