Lyndon Johnson

Article

August 11, 2022

Lyndon Baines Johnson (English Lyndon Baines Johnson; Stonewall, August 27, 1908 - Stonewall, January 22, 1973) was the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969. He was the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1960, during John Kennedy's term, and he became president when Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas in 1963, to win the presidential election in 1964. During his tenure, the war in Vietnam escalated, which caused sharp criticism of his policies in the world and in the United States. He is one of only four people to have held all four federal elective offices in the United States: representative, senator, vice president, and president. Born in a farmhouse in Stonewall, Texas, Johnson worked as a high school teacher and congressional aide before winning in the 1937 election for the US House of Representatives. Johnson won the 1948 election for the United States Senate from Texas after narrowly winning the Democratic Party nomination. He was appointed to the position of Senate Majority Leader in 1951. He had already become the Senate Democratic Leader in 1953. Johnson became known for his domineering personality and the "Johnson Treatment," the aggressive coercion of powerful politicians to advance legislation. Johnson ran for the Democratic nomination in the 1960 presidential election. Although unsuccessful, he became the running mate of nominated Senator Jon F. Kennedy and they won the election by a small majority. On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was assassinated, and Johnson succeeded him as president. The following year, Johnson won the election in a landslide, defeating Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona. With 61.1 percent of the popular vote, Johnson won the largest share of the popular vote of any candidate since 1820. In domestic policy, Johnson's "Great Society" and "War on Poverty" programs led to legislation expanding civil rights, public broadcasting, health insurance, medical assistance, aid to education and the arts, urban and rural development, and public services. Backed by a strong economy, the War on Poverty helped lift millions of Americans above the poverty line during his administration. Unlike most southern politicians, he opposed racial segregation�