May 19, 2022
London (ˈlʌndən /) is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom and the center of the Greater London region. Ancient Londinium (lat. Londinium) was founded by the Romans in 43 AD in a wetland on the estuary of the River Thames, where today lies the narrowest business core of the modern city, the City. Since the 19th century, the name London refers to all the settlements that developed around the original city center, ie the area of Greater London. With over 300 different nationalities living in the area of today's city, London is considered one of the most cosmopolitan environments in Europe. According to the 2011 census, there were 8,278,251 inhabitants in the Greater London area, or 12.5% of the total population of the United Kingdom. In the narrowest part of the city, only 7,400 people live in City. In 2011, there were 13,709,000 inhabitants in the wider metropolitan area. In the period between 1831 and 1925, London was the largest urban area in the world in terms of population. London is one of the most important cities in the world in many areas. It is one of the most important political, educational, cultural, trade, tourist, financial, fashion and sports centers in the world. After New York, London is the most important financial center on the planet and is also known for its unofficial title of world cultural capital. Over 120 million passengers are transported annually from 6 London international airports, which makes London one of the busiest airports in the world. The London Underground is the oldest subway system in the world and the second in the world in terms of the number of passengers transported (after Shanghai). There are a total of 43 university institutions in the city, which is why London is also a world educational center. London is the only city to host three times the largest sporting event on the planet, the Summer Olympics (1908, 1948 and 2012). a large and very important trading port in the world (fourth in the world in terms of traffic), equipped with the most modern devices for navigation, loading and unloading of goods. In 1984, a large dam was built on the Thames near London to protect the city from the effects of tidal waves that often had cadastres in the past.