Macedonian Orthodox Church - Ohrid Archbishopric

Article

May 17, 2022

The Macedonian Orthodox Church - Ohrid Archbishopric (MOC-OA) is a local and autonomous church in Northern Macedonia under the jurisdiction of the Serbian Orthodox Church (SOC). It was created in 1967, by non-canonical separation from the Serbian Orthodox Church. It was non-canonical until May 2022, when first the Patriarchate of Constantinople and then the Serbian Orthodox Church recognized it as a canonical church. Starting in 2010, there is another non-canonical Macedonian True Orthodox Church (MIPC) among ethnic Macedonians. In contrast to the MOC and MIPC, in Northern Macedonia there was a canonical Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric, which was an integral part of the Serbian Orthodox Church. On May 9, 2022, the Patriarchate of Constantinople recognized the church hierarchy and valid for the pan-Orthodox world by establishing canonical and liturgical cooperation. Seven days later, the Serbian Orthodox Church recognized her as part of herself.

Prehistory of the schism

After the liberation of Vardar Macedonia from the centuries-old Turkish rule (1912-1913) and the annexation of that area to the Kingdom of Serbia, official negotiations were initiated with the Patriarchate of Constantinople in order to include the local dioceses in the Belgrade Metropolitanate. Although successfully started, negotiations soon had to be suspended due to the outbreak of the First World War (1914). Immediately after the end of the war (1918), negotiations continued, which ended with an agreement on the transfer of competencies over the local dioceses from the Patriarchate of Constantinople to the Serbian Orthodox Church, which in 1920 renewed its full canonical unity in the patriarchal degree. At that time, the diocesan administrations in the area of ​​Vardar Macedonia were reorganized, so that since 1920 there have been four dioceses: Skopje, Ohrid, Bitola and Zletovo-Strumica. A new reorganization was carried out in 1931, when the Ohrid and Bitola dioceses were merged into a single Ohrid-Bitola diocese. This situation remained unchanged until the outbreak of World War II (1941). After the April War of 1941, Bulgaria occupied the southeastern parts of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, including the former Vardar Serbia. The occupying power expelled him