Macedonian Orthodox Church — Ohrid Archdiocese

Article

July 1, 2022

The Macedonian Orthodox Church - Ohrid Archbishopric (MPC — OA) is an autocephalous church in Northern Macedonia. She received the Tomos on autocephaly from the Serbian Patriarch Porphyry in Belgrade on June 5, 2022. It was established as an autonomous church in 1959 within the Serbian Orthodox Church. It declared autocephaly independently in 1967, and from then until May 2022, it was in a schism. The cessation of the schism is an act of return to autonomous status within the Serbian Orthodox Church, published on May 16, 2022. The liturgy of reconciliation between the Serbian Orthodox Church and the Serbian Orthodox Church-OA was held on May 19, 2022 in the Cathedral of Saint Sava in Belgrade. At the Holy Liturgy in the Cathedral of St. Clement of Ohrid in Skopje on May 24, 2022, Serbian Patriarch Porphyry announced that the Holy Synod of Bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church unanimously decided to recognize the autocephaly of the Macedonian Orthodox Church - Ohrid Archbishopric. In 2022, the church hierarchy of this church (naming it as the "Ohrid Archbishopric") as canonical and valid for the pan-Orthodox world, establishing canonical and liturgical cooperation. .

Prehistory of origin

After the liberation of Vardar Macedonia from the centuries-old Turkish rule (1912-1913) and the annexation of that area to the Kingdom of Serbia, official negotiations were initiated with the Patriarchate of Constantinople in order to include the local dioceses in the Belgrade metropolitanate. Although successfully started, negotiations soon had to be suspended due to the outbreak of World War I (1914). Immediately after the end of the war (1918), negotiations continued, which ended with an agreement on the transfer of competencies over the local dioceses from the Patriarchate of Constantinople to the Serbian Orthodox Church, which in 1920 renewed its full canonical unity in the patriarchate. At that time, the diocesan administrations in the area of ​​Vardar Macedonia were reorganized, so that since 1920 there were four dioceses: Skopje, Ohrid, Bitola and Zletovo-Strumica. A new reorganization was carried out in 1931, when Ohridska and Bi merged