Macedonian language


August 11, 2022

The Macedonian language (mkd. Macedonian language) is a South Slavic language spoken by ethnic (Slavic) Macedonians. The native area of ​​this language is in today's North Macedonia, and it is also represented in the Macedonian diaspora. It is the official language of North Macedonia, and it has the status of a minority language in parts of Albania, Romania and Serbia. It is written in Macedonian Cyrillic. The Macedonian language has no linguistic connection with the language of the ancient Macedonians. In Bulgaria, the dominant attitude is that the Macedonian language is denied, and it is considered that the Macedonian literary norm represents a western variant of the Bulgarian language, while it is recognized in the world as an independent language. The great Genevan linguist Ferdinand de Saussure did not record the Macedonian language during his observation of the languages ​​spoken in today's North Macedonia: "In Macedonia one can meet all possible languages: Turkish, Bulgarian, Serbian, Greek, Albanian, Romanian, etc., mixed in different ways from area to area." On April 16, 2019, the government of North Macedonia made a decision to make May 5 the Day of the Macedonian Language in that country. Similarity with other Slavic languages ​​ The Macedonian language has the greatest similarity with the Bulgarian and Serbian languages ​​(especially with the Prizren-Timok dialect). During the existence of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the languages ​​spoken on the territory of today's North Macedonia were considered southern dialects of the Serbian language. In 1943, Macedonians were recognized as a separate nation and after the formation of the People's Republic of Macedonia within the FNRJ, the Macedonian language was declared the official language of that republic.


Macedonian Cyrillic is the official script of North Macedonia. It consists of 31 letters. The Macedonian alphabet is based on the Serbian alphabet of Vuk Karadžić, and it was compiled by Krste Petkov Misirkov.


Northern dialect Western group: Dolnopolologi dialect Skopsko-Montenegro dialect Eastern group: Kuman dialect Kratov dialect Krivopalanec dialect Ovčepol dialect Western dialect: Central group: Prilep-Bitola dialect Kičevo-Poreč dialect Skopje-Veleš dialect Western and north-western group: Mountain dialect Recan dialect Galician dialect Debar dialect Drimcol