Mantova

Article

May 21, 2022

Mantova (Italian: Mantova, in the local dialect Màntua) is a city in northern Italy. The city is the center of the eponymous district of Mantua within the Italian province of Lombardy. Mantova is known as the "city surrounded by lakes". It is surrounded on three sides by artificial lakes created in the 12th century. The lakes receive water from the Minkio River, which flows out of Lake Garda. Mantova is mentioned in Shakespeare's tragedy "Romeo and Juliet". Mantova and the nearby town of Sabioneta became part of the world heritage in Italy in 2008.

Geography

Mantova is located 150 km southeast of Milan. The city is located on the Mincio River, and near the northern bank of the important river Po, in the central part of the Po Valley. A special feature of the city are three artificially formed lakes from the 12th century, which surround the city on three sides. The city is located in the plains, known for its highly developed agriculture.

History

The city of Mantova was founded probably around 2,000 BC. n. e. on the banks of the Mincio River on an island that provided natural protection. In the 6th century BC. n. e. there was an Etruscan settlement. The name Mantua comes from the Etruscan underworld god Mantus. Later, the Gaelic tribe Kenomani captured the city. The Romans occupied Mantua between the First and Second Punic Wars. The new territory was inhabited by veterans of Augustus Octavian. The most famous inhabitant of Mantua was Virgil, who was born there in 70 BC. n. e. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Mantova was under Byzantium, the Lombards and the French. In the 11th century, it became the property of the Marquis of Tuscany. The last ruler of that family was Matilda of Canosa, known as Countess Matilda. According to legend, it was built in 1082. Rotunda of St. Lawrence. After the death of Countess Matilda Mantova, it became a free city municipality, which was in conflict with the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire in the 12th and 13th centuries. In 1198, Alberto Pitentino changed the direction of the Mincio River and created four artificial lakes (there are only three left today) to strengthen the city's defenses. In the battles of the Guelphs and the Ghibellines, Pinamonte Bonalkolsi took power in 1273. During the rule of the Bonalkosi family, Mantova became an advanced city and art center. The last Bonalkos was overthrown in 1328 by a rebellion, which was set on fire by the Gonzaga house, which took power in Mantua. Sagrađ