Hungarians

Article

October 18, 2021

Hungarians (Hungarian magyarok; in the historical context they were also called Hungarians or Ugri) are a Hungarian people from the group of Finno-Ugric peoples, who mostly live in Hungary, where they make up over 90% of the population. The old Hungarians were originally from the Urals, and they moved to the Pannonian Plain in the 9th century, where they mixed with the local, mostly Slavic population, thus losing their original ethnic characteristics. Hungarians are predominantly Christians, 75% of the Roman Catholic and Protestant denominations, and they speak Hungarian, which belongs to the Finno-Ugric group of the Uralic language family.

History

Origin of Hungarians

It is believed that the ancestral home of the Hungarians was located on the eastern side of the Urals, in western Asia, in the area where the so-called Ob Ugri, also known as Khanty and Mansi, still live today. The languages ​​spoken by the Ob Ugri are most similar to the Hungarian language, and the area they inhabit is known as Jugra (a name that is strikingly reminiscent of the name Hungary). From their ancestral homeland, the Hungarians first moved to the western side of the Urals, to an area known as Magna Hungaria. Today, the Republic of Bashkortostan is located there, which is part of the Russian Federation. From this area, the Hungarians moved to the country known as Levedia (today's eastern Ukraine), and from there to the country known as Etelkez (today's western Ukraine). Finally, they moved from Ethelkez to the Pannonian Plain in the 9th century.

Hungarians in the Pannonian Plain and Medieval Hungary

The Hungarians appeared on the Danube for the first time in the fights against the Greeks, as allies of the Bulgarians. At the end of the 9th century, all the peoples of Central and Eastern Europe knew about them. In 892, they came to the area of ​​the Danube lowlands as war aides of the Franks, and then of Byzantium, when the Byzantine emperor Leo VI the Wise called them for help against the Bulgarian attacks under the leadership of Simeon I. In old Serbian sources, the Hungarians were known as Ugri. Hungarians in Central Europe first create a principality, and then a kingdom (See article: Kingdom of Hungary). The first Hungarian (Hungarian) king was Stephen I, also known as Saint Stephen (1000-1038). In addition to the Hungarians, who represented the ruling class of society, other peoples lived in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary - Slavs, Vlachs, Sekelj, Saxons, Kumans, Pechenegs, Iasi, etc. Mixing with the Hungarians, these peoples contributed with

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