January 27, 2022
Honey is a thick sweet syrupy substance, a product of honey bees (lat. Apis mellifera or Apis mellifica) obtained from collected fruit and other juices processed in the bee's stomach. The extracted juice deposited on the covered honeycomb is converted into honey by chemical reactions. According to the types of plants from which it is obtained, honey is classified into monofloral (honey obtained from only one type of plant, for example, acacia) and polyfloral honey (honey obtained by collecting nectar from several plant species, such as meadow honey, forest honey, etc. .). Honey is the most important bee product, known in human nutrition since prehistoric times. By definition, honey is a pure product in which there are no additives of any other substance. Honey gets its sweetness from the monosaccharides fructose and glucose, and has the same relative sweetness as granulated sugar. It has attractive chemical properties for baking and a special taste, which is why some people prefer honey to sugar and other sweeteners. Most microorganisms do not grow in honey, so sealed honey does not spoil, even after several thousand years. However, honey sometimes contains dormant endospores of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which can be dangerous for babies, because it can lead to botulism.