May 28, 2022
Mexico (officially México), officially the United Mexican States (SMD; Estados Unidos Mexicanos, abbreviated EUM), is a country in North America bordering the United States to the north, Guatemala and Belize to the southeast, and the United States to the west. The Pacific Ocean, and to the east with the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The area of Mexico is 1,972,550 km² and according to that it is the 13th country in the world. The capital and largest city of Mexico is Mexico City, and other major cities are Ecatepec de Morelos, Guadalajara, Puebla, Ciudad Juarez, Tijuana, Monterey and Leon. The population of Mexico, according to data from 2015, was 125,280,000, which is the 11th largest in the world. Maya and Aztecs. In 1521, Spain conquered this territory and organized it into New Spain. Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1810. The period after gaining independence was marked by economic instability, the American-Mexican war and territorial concessions to the United States, the civil war, two empires and a dictatorship. The dictatorship led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which led to the adoption of the 1917 Constitution and the establishment of today's political system. According to the World Tourism Organization, Mexico attracts the most foreign tourists to Latin America, while it ranks tenth in the world. The cultural and natural sites that UNESCO has included in the World Heritage also contribute to that; there are 31 of them, which puts Mexico in first place in America and sixth in the world. According to the gross domestic product, Mexico is the fourteenth global economy, and according to the purchasing power parity, it is on the eleventh place in the world. However, the distribution of wealth is uneven, because there are regions in the country with different human development indices; some regions are as highly developed as Germany, and some as poor as Burundi. Also, Mexico is one of the countries with the highest climate diversity in the world, considered one of the 17 countries in the world with mega-diversity; Mexico is home to 10-12% of the world's biodiversity and is also home to over 12,000 endemic species.