Nasa

Article

August 11, 2022

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (National Aeronautics and Space Administration — NASA), verb. abbreviated NASA (from the English NASA — abbreviated NASA), is the agency responsible for the civilian part of the space program of the United States. The agency is also responsible for long-term civil and military aviation research. NASA was founded in 1958, and the founder was the then president of the USA, Dwight Eisenhower. The agency is oriented with significantly more civilian employees than soldiers, in order to encourage the peaceful application of space science. On July 29, 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Act was passed, which was the forerunner and announcement for the establishment of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The agency started operating two months later, on October 1, 1958. Since then, nearly all American space exploration has been led by NASA, including the Apollo moon landing program, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. NASA currently supports the operation of the International Space Station and oversees the development of the Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System.

History

Space Race

When the Soviet space program launched the first artificial satellite (Sputnik 1) on October 4, 1957, it immediately drew the attention of the US and accelerated its efforts to conquer space. The US Congress saw this success of the Soviet Union as a major threat to US security (this is known as Sputnik Shock) and immediately requested immediate and quick action. President Dwight Eisenhower and his advisors carefully considered several thoughtful actions and after months of debate, is the decision to create a new federal agency for all civilian space activities. On July 29, 1958, President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, which established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on October 1, 1958. consisted of four laboratories with about 8,000 employees that it inherited from the 46-year-old National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). Perhaps the most important contribution to the development of the rocket program had its roots in Nazi Germany, in the form of the German scientist Werner von Braun, who