NATO bombing of the FRY
January 27, 2022
The NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (codenamed Operation Allied Force or Operation Noble Anvil in the USA), also known in Serbia as NATO aggression or mistakenly the Angel of Mercy, was the final phase of the war. in Kosovo and Metohija, which lasted from March 24 to June 10, 1999. It was the second major NATO military intervention since the bombing of Republika Srpska in Operation Deliberate Force in 1995 and the largest military conflict in Serbia-Montenegro since World War II. The NATO intervention was carried out without the approval of the Security Council due to accusations that the Serbian security forces were carrying out ethnic cleansing of Kosovo Albanians. The immediate reason for the action was the events in Racak and the refusal of the Yugoslav delegation to sign the Rambouillet Agreement. At 7:45 pm on March 24, 1999, NATO launched airstrikes on military targets in the FRY, and later the air strikes spread to commercial and civilian facilities. The attacks, which lasted for 78 days without interruption, severely damaged infrastructure, business facilities, schools, health institutions, media houses, cultural monuments, churches and monasteries. Estimates of the damage suffered by the FRY range from 30 to 100 billion US dollars. The final number of lives lost has not been officially reconciled. According to smaller estimates, about 1,300 souls were killed in the FRY, and according to larger estimates, about 3,500 souls were killed, while it is estimated that more than 12,000 people were injured. During the war, several hundred thousand Albanians fled Kosovo and Metohija. The attacks were suspended on June 10th, following the signing of a military-technical agreement on the withdrawal of the Yugoslav army and police from Kosovo and Metohija. On the same day, the Security Council adopted Resolution 1244, according to which the FR of Yugoslavia (Serbia) retains sovereignty over Kosovo and Metohija, but it becomes an international protectorate under the administration of UNMIK and KFOR. More than 200,000 Kosmet Serbs and other non-Albanians fled to central Serbia with the army and police. Following this and other wars during the break-up of Yugoslavia, Serbia became the country with the largest number of refugees and internally displaced persons in Europe.