October 18, 2021

Naissus (lat. Naissus, grc. Ναϊσσός) was an ancient city, first inhabited by the Dardanians in the 3rd century BC. n. e., and was later established by the Romans. The future Roman emperors Constantine the Great and Constantius III were born in Nais. During the 5th and 6th centuries, it was alternately conquered by the Huns, the Eastern Goths, the Gepids, Byzantium and the Avars. Slavic tribes conquered it around 612-614. years. On the site of the ancient Nais today is the city of Nis. Archaeological excavations Felix Kanitz, who visited and recorded the ruins of Nis on several occasions since 1850, conducted the first extensive research of ancient Nais. He first noticed several monuments of the Roman period in the area of ​​the Turkish fortress. The research continued in 1864, when the first excavations near Brzo Brod began. Excavations continued in 1887 and 1889, when the remains of monuments and architecture were noted. In 1932, the first archeological excavations began in the area of ​​Jagodina Mala and Mediana, which were interrupted until 1939. In 1956, the excavations of Jagodina Mala were renewed, and since 1962, archeological excavations have been carried out in the area that included the Turkish fortress. Location and territory Nais developed in the western part of the Nis valley, which is connected by river with the neighboring valleys of the central Balkan area, on the right bank of the Nisava. The city covered a territory of about 25 hectares, in the north it stretched to the lat. Mutatio Sarmatorum near Razanj, and in the south to lat. Ad Herculem near Zitoradja, in the east, the area of ​​Nais was bordered by the territory of Remesiana. The economic development of the city was made possible by the ores that were located in the surrounding mountains, while the valley itself was suitable for the development of livestock and agriculture. In the period between the Thracian Uprising (11th-13th years BC) and the Dalmatian-Pannonian Uprising, a military camp developed on the territory that today includes the Fortress. The epigraphic monument mentions a cohort of lat. And Cilicum, which was located in Nais, and which dates back to the 1st century. Later a cohort of lat. I Cretum. A civilian settlement also developed around the camp. In the 2nd century, a cohort of Lat. And Aurelia Dardanorum. Important roads passed through the city, lat. via militaris which led from Singidunum and Viminacium to Serdica and Constantinople, the military route which connected Raciaria on the Danube (Arčar

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