October 18, 2021
Nero, full name Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (lat. Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanĭcus; born in 37 AD, ascended the throne in 54, killed in 68) was a Roman emperor, the successor of Claudius. He was the son of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina the Younger (15―59 AD), who later became the fourth wife of Emperor Claudius, who adopted Nero and proclaimed him heir. At birth, Nero was given the name Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, after his adoption by Claudius he took the name Nero, which is supposedly a Sabine word meaning "brave". Nero began his reign in harmony with the senate, since until the year 62 he was under the influence of the prefect of the praetorium Aphranius Bura and the philosopher Aeneas Seneca, who supported good relations between the princes and the senate. The aspiration of Nero's mother Agrippina to have a decisive influence on her son led to a reaction from Nero, when they energetically supported Bur and Seneca, so Agrippina lost her earlier significance at court. Claudius' own son Britannicus, when Agrippina now wanted to oppose her own son, was poisoned, and then Agrippina herself was killed on Nero's orders. Nero's reign is remembered for his extravagance, ambitious construction projects, the great fire in Rome, the persecution of Christians and the riots in the provinces. Nero's fall from power ended the reign of the Julius-Claudius dynasty, whose members ruled Rome for more than a century.