Article

November 30, 2021

Niger (French: Niger), or officially the Republic of Niger (French: République du Niger), is a sub-Saharan country in West Africa, named after the Niger River. It borders Nigeria and Benin in the south, Burkina Faso and Mali in the west, Algeria and Libya in the north and Chad in the east. The capital of Niger is Niamey on the southwest corner. Niger covers an area of ​​almost 1270,000 km², making it the largest country in West Africa. Over 80% of its land area lies in the Sahara Desert. The predominantly Islamic population of this country, with about 0 million inhabitants, lives mainly in clusters in the far south and west of the country. Niger is a developing country, consistently ranked at the bottom of the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI); it was ranked 187th out of 188 countries in 2015 and 189th out of 189 countries in the 2018 report. Most of the non-desert portions of the land are subject to periodic droughts and desertification. The economy is concentrated around self-sustaining agriculture, with little export agriculture in the more fertile southern part, and exports of raw materials, especially uranium ore. Niger faces serious development challenges due to its landlocked position, desert terrain, inefficient agriculture, high birth rates in the absence of birth control, and consistent overpopulation, low education and poverty of its population, lack of infrastructure, poor health care and degradation of living conditions. middle.

History

Numerous archeological finds and drawings on the stone indicate the presence of man in the area of ​​Niger from prehistoric times. In the neighboring state of Chad, the remains of the ancient man Lat were found. Australopithecus bahrelghazali is 2 to 3.5 million years old. A significant amount of evidence indicates that 60,000 years ago, people inhabited the area of ​​Niger, which is today the Sahara Desert, and which at that time was a fertile plain. At least 7000 years p. n. e .. people built settlements in that area, raised sheep and goats. After the Sahara dried up around 2000 BC. n. e., the Niger area became today's desert, and most of the inhabitants and trade routes remained along the Air Mountains in the north, in the west along the shores of Lake Chad and oases in the Kaouara area, and in the south and southwest along the border with Nigeria. As early as the 5th century BC. n. e .. trade routes that are

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