November 30, 2021
Niger (French: Niger), or officially the Republic of Niger (French: République du Niger), is a sub-Saharan country in West Africa, named after the Niger River. It borders Nigeria and Benin in the south, Burkina Faso and Mali in the west, Algeria and Libya in the north and Chad in the east. The capital of Niger is Niamey on the southwest corner. Niger covers an area of almost 1270,000 km², making it the largest country in West Africa. Over 80% of its land area lies in the Sahara Desert. The predominantly Islamic population of this country, with about 0 million inhabitants, lives mainly in clusters in the far south and west of the country. Niger is a developing country, consistently ranked at the bottom of the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI); it was ranked 187th out of 188 countries in 2015 and 189th out of 189 countries in the 2018 report. Most of the non-desert portions of the land are subject to periodic droughts and desertification. The economy is concentrated around self-sustaining agriculture, with little export agriculture in the more fertile southern part, and exports of raw materials, especially uranium ore. Niger faces serious development challenges due to its landlocked position, desert terrain, inefficient agriculture, high birth rates in the absence of birth control, and consistent overpopulation, low education and poverty of its population, lack of infrastructure, poor health care and degradation of living conditions. middle.