Nis

Article

October 18, 2021

Nis is the largest city in the south of the Republic of Serbia and the seat of the Nisava administrative district. According to the 2011 census, there were 260,237 inhabitants in the city of Nis, while 183,164 people lived in the settlement itself, making Nis the third largest city in Serbia (after Belgrade and Novi Sad). It is located 237 km southeast of Belgrade on the Nisava River, not far from its confluence with the South Morava. The city of Nis covers an area of ​​about 596.73 km2, including Niska Banja and 68 suburbs. Nis was the administrative, military and trade center of various states and empires to which, during its long history, it belonged. In the area of ​​today's Nis, in the ancient city of Nais, the Roman emperors Constantine the Great and Constantius III were born. The geographical position of Nis made it a strategically important and thus attractive city for many conquerors. Throughout history, the Dardanians, Thracians, Illyrians, Celts, Romans, Huns, Avars, and then the Byzantines, Serbs, Bulgarians and Ottomans passed through the territory where today's city is located. The city was repeatedly occupied by Hungarians and Austrians. It was liberated from the Turks in 1878 and since then it has been part of Serbia again, with short interruptions during the First and Second World Wars, when it was under occupation. The influence of different peoples who lived on the territory of today's city of Nis can be seen in the cultural heritage of the city, primarily in its architectural diversity. The traffic infrastructure on the territory of Nis makes it a crossroads of land and air traffic in the Balkans (especially due to intensive traffic to Turkey and Greece) and because the territory of Nis has the international airport Constantine the Great, which bears the international designation INI. It is an important economic, university, cultural, religious and political center of Serbia. The University of Nis, founded in 1965, has 14 faculties and about 30,000 students, and the city is also the seat of the Nis Diocese of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Since 2004, the city of Nis has been administratively divided into five city municipalities: Mediana, Palilula, Pantelej, Crveni Krst and Niska Banja.

Etymology

The name of the city of Nis can be found in numerous historical sources from the Middle Ages to modern times. All these names are very similar, depending on the language in which they were written: Naiss

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