Novi Sad

Article

November 30, 2021

Novi Sad is the largest city of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and its administrative center, after Belgrade the second city in Serbia in terms of population and area. According to the final results of the 2011 census, in the administrative territory of the city of Novi Sad lived 341,625 inhabitants, while in the settlement of Novi Sad lived 250,439 inhabitants, and in the urban area of ​​the city of Novi Sad 277,522 inhabitants, while in 2019 the wider area counted 402,681 inhabitants. Founded in 1694, Novi Sad has long been a center of Serbian culture, which is why it is often called Serbian Athens. Today, Novi Sad is a major industrial and financial center of the Serbian economy, a university city and school center, cultural, scientific, health and political center of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, a city hosting many international and domestic economic, cultural, scientific and sports events, as well as a museum city. gallery, library and theater. The city lies on the banks of the Danube, between 1252 and 1262 kilometers of the river. On the left bank of the Danube is the plain part of the city (Bačka), while on the right bank, on the slopes of Fruška gora, is the hilly part of the city (Srem). The altitude on the Bačka side is from 72 to 80 m, while on the Srem side it ranges between 250 and 350 m. Near Novi Sad, the Mali Bačka Canal flows into the Danube (on the left side of the river), which is part of the Danube-Tisa-Danube canal system. The Bačka part of the city is located on both sides of this canal.

Name

In the city of Novi Sad, in addition to the Serbian language, the Hungarian, Slovak and Ruthenian languages ​​are also in official use. The name of the city in other official languages ​​is Újvidék (Hungarian), Nový Sad (Slovak) and Novi Sad (Ruthenian). In other languages ​​that are (or have been) of historical significance in this area, the name of Novi Sad is Neoplanta (Latin), Neusatz or Neusatz an der Donau (German), Novi Sad (Croatian), Novi Sad (Romanian) and Mlada Loza. (Bulgarian). The original names of Novi Sad were Racko (Serbian) village, Racka town, Racki grad (Ratzen Stadt, Ratzenstatt) and Petrovaradinski šanac (Peterwardeiner Schantz), while the name Novi Sad (Neoplanta, Neusatz, Újvidék) dates from 1748. years. In the first book entitled Karlovac Bishopric on page 288, Manojlo Grbić writes: "In the autumn of 1722, the People's Assembly was held in Varadinski Šanc, and that is in today's Novi Sad."

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